An Individual Education Plan (IEP) is a document that may be created for your child if the learning needs are significant and require modifications or a high level of accommodations. As a parent, you will be consulted in the development of the IEP and will receive a copy.
The school may suggest that your child be identified as exceptional through an Identification, Placement, and Review Committee (IPRC). This is a formal process that is outlined in the Education Act and has regulations school boards must adhere to. For example, a student who is identified as exceptional through an IPRC will have an identification (meaning the student meets the criteria for one or more of the definitions of exceptionalities as defined by the Ministry of Education in Ontario). Placement (the special education level of support a student receives) is also determined at an IPRC.
Any student identified as exceptional through an IPRC must have an IEP. However an IEP may be put in place without an IPRC identification. Regardless of why the IEP is created, parents will be consulted about the development of it.